Submitted by admin on Fri, 10/15/2010 - 09:08
The cloning of ‘Dolly’ the sheep in 1997 opened a possibility for human cloning, which sparked a controversial worldwide debate about its ethics, morality, and benefits to humanity. There is a clear distinction between ‘reproductive cloning’ and ‘therapeutic cloning’. Reproductive cloning relates to producing a fetus identical to its parent. This method of procreation is ‘asexual’, as it does not require one person of each sex in order to create a child. Therapeutic cloning is performed for the purpose of medical treatment. It makes embryos as a source of embryonic stem cells, and does not strive to make whole humans. The United Nations General Assembly urged member states to prohibit all forms of human cloning, whereas the European Union supports funding embryonic stem cell research (where permitted).
Key areas of discussion:
- Should human cloning be prohibited: What are the dangers and benefits of intervening in the body’s natural processes?
- Should human cloning be prohibited: What are the issues and opportunities of human cloning in social and cultural spheres?
- Can cloned humans be considered as equal or legitimate members of our society?
- What could be the most interesting and exciting applications of human cloning?